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HANS LUKAS KIESER – SECOND CONSTITUTIONAL ERA AND THE AMERICAN MISSIONARIES

 

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1914-1918

The period of 1914-1918 displays significance both because it includes the years of the Ottoman State’s inclusion in the First World War – from which it would emerge defeated – and the years during which the Dispatch and Settlement Law was be enacted. The before and after of the period is usually constructed by looking…

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1908-1914

The most basic characteristic of this period lies in the fact that the Armenian Question ceased to become a matter concerning the inner dynamics of the Ottomans and transformed into an international one. Within this framework, Article 16 of the Treaty of San Stefano, signed following the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878, or more commonly known…

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